This year, mango production in Uttar Pradesh might shrink to almost half of 43 lakh tonne mangoes produced in the state in 2013-14 due to onslaught of unseasonal rains accompanied by hailstorm and strong winds during the course of almost past four months, said an ASSOCHAM study.
“Mango production in India might decline this year by 35-40 per cent, due to crop damage following unseasonal rainfall in major growing states,” noted the study titled ‘Mango: Anxiety on production & export front,’ conducted by the Agri-business council of The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
With a share of over 23 per cent, Uttar Pradesh is ranked India’s leading mango producing state as of 2013-14 followed by Andhra Pradesh (15 per cent), Karnataka (9.5 per cent), Telangana (nine per cent) and Bihar (seven per cent) which remained top five states in this regard.
“However, mango production in UP had declined by two per cent year-on-year (Y-o-Y) i.e. from about 44 lakh tonnes in 2012-13 to 43 lakh tonnes in 2013-14 while it had increased across India by 2.4 per cent during the same period i.e. 180 lakh tonnes in 2012-13 to 184 lakh tonnes in 2013-14,” noted the ASSOCHAM analysis.
Lucknow (Mal. Malihabad, Kakori, Baxi-ka-Talab), Pratapgarh (Kunda, Kalakankar, Sardar, Mangraura), Allahabad (Chayal, Mooratganj), Bulandshahar (Suana, Unchagaon), Saharanpur (Behat), Faizabad (Masaudha, Sohawal), Varanasi (Chiraigoan), Moradabad (Amroha, Joya, Gajraula), Barabanki (Banki, Deva), Meerut (Khekra, Jhani, Pilana, Shahjahanpur), Unnao (Shafipur, Fatehpur-Chaurasi, Miyanganj, Auras, Hasanganj), Sitapur (Mohmodabad), Hardoi (Shahabad), Gorakhpur, Basti, J.P. Nagar and Mathura are major mango producing belts in UP.
Chausa, dashehari, fazli, gulab khas, langra, mallika and amrapali are certain varieties of mangoes produced in UP.
“Considering that crops in almost all leading mango producing states had faced nature’s wrath early this year, mango will taste bitter to domestic consumers as its prices are likely to swell by as much as 50 per cent and might even go up to 65 per cent in some pockets,” said Mr D.S. Rawat, national secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the findings of the chamber’s study.
“Relief measures announced by various governments for farmers are proving to be insufficient to help farmers overcome their losses and also curb rising prices, thus more needs to be done in this behalf,” said Mr Rawat.
India’s mango exports might also go down significantly this year from a level of over 41,280 million tonnes (MT) of mangoes worth about Rs 285 crore which were exported from India to major destinations like United Arab Emirates (UAE), United Kingdom (UK), Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar and United States of America (USA) in 2013-14.
Exports of mangoes from India have declined by about 26 per cent Y-o-Y i.e. from 55,585 MT in 2012-13 to 41, 280 MT in 2013-14, however in value terms it has risen by about eight per cent Y-o-Y i.e. from Rs 265 crore in 2012-13 to Rs 285 crore in 2013-14.
UAE alone accounted for over 60 per cent of India’s total mango exports followed by UK (16 per cent), Saudi Arabia (four per cent), Kuwait (three per cent) and Qatar (two per cent).